Animal Health Care Information
A puppy or kitten will give you endless hours of enjoyment. However a puppy/kitten is very demanding and unlikely to be fully house trained or even fully vaccinated. Your work load will be training, frequent meals and a lot of tidying and mopping.
As soon as your puppy has awoken from sleep or has a meal it should be taken outside. Continue to take your puppy outside as much as you can throughout the day. Remove food and water before going to bed to minimise overnight accidents. Give your dog plenty of praise and encouragement when you are pleased with your dog. If your dog misbehaves and only when caught in the act should your dog be punished. Verbal punishment is sufficient.
When and what to feed
Make sure your pet has a well balanced diet. Never change suddenly from one type of food to another for this can give loose motions. Introduce the change gradually. Encourage your pet to eat dry, complete food, nuts as they are better for their teeth. (Food bags and tins show details of how much you should feed and how often). Typically most puppies need up to four meals a day until they are 3 months old, three meals until they are six months and two meals a day until one year old. Most adults need one meal per day, but large breeds may require two. Always try to maintain a sensible weight to reduce strain on tendons, ligaments and other organs.
We recommend foods such as Beta, Pro Pac and specific.
Clean fresh water must be available at all times and changed daily. All bowls must be kept clean.
An outside dog should have adequate shelter in a warm, draft free, secure, safe place. Remember dogs and jump walls and fences.
Vaccinating your dog/cat
Puppy vaccination called parvo vaccination is given at 6 weeks of age
Puppy/kitten 1st vaccination is given at 8 weeks of age.
Puppy/kitten 2nd vaccination is given at 10wks of age
Then a yearly booster is required EVERY YEAR.
One vaccination does not last a lifetime. If your pet does not get vaccinated it could easily pick up diseases which could be passed on to other animals and in some cases cause death.
Parvo Vaccination €20
Puppy and kitten 1st and 2nd vaccination €30 each
Yearly booster vaccination €30
Kennel cough vaccination €30
Talk to us if you have multiple pets about group discounts.
Kennel cough vaccination
Most boarding kennels will not take your dog for boarding without this vaccination. Kennel cough is a liquid squirted up the dog’s nose and lasts for one year. Kennel cough is when your dog has a sore throat and is coughing and it’s highly infectious.
Worming your dog/cat
Puppies/kittens should be wormed at 2 weeks of age and every two weeks until they are 3 months old, then every month until they are 6 months old, once they reach 6 months worming should be done 4 times a year every year.
Flea your dog/cat 3 / 4 times a year. Summer times are when fleas are most common so you will have to check your pet regularly.
Eyes and Ears
Eyes should be clear and bright.
Ears should be clean. Your pet should not be scratching or shaking its head.
Skin and coat
The coat should be healthy and shiny. Your pet should not be scratching or have any bald patches.
Groom your pet for at least 5 minutes every day to keep them tangle free, certain breeds may require professional care, we recommend long haired dogs be groomed at least four times a year. Talk to us about our professional grooming service prices start from €10.
We provide a free check-up on ears, teeth, anal glands and nails at the time of each grooming.
Exercise your dog every day to keep them fit and healthy.
Spaying/neutering/castrating your dog/cat.
Spaying and neutering are surgical procedures to prevent pets from reproducing. Spaying your female pet consists of removing the uterus and ovaries. Spaying female dogs reduces her chances of mammary tumours and uterine/ovarian infections. This also eliminates males camping outside your house during her twice yearly heats which start from six months of age for 3 weeks every year. Female dogs/cats can be spayed from 6 months of age. Female cats come into heat a few days after each litter of kittens they have. The idea that a female dog/cats should be allowed to have a litter and heat for her own good is a myth. An unsprayed dog/cat that is in heat will need to be kept separated from males for the duration to prevent pregnancy. A spayed dog/cat will not come into heat again so can not become pregnant.
Neutering your male dog/cat consists of removing the testicles, this is also known as castration.
Prevent testicular cancer
May prevent prostate cancer
Less likely to roam
Less likely to fight and get killed/ injured on the road
Neutering does not affect your pet’s personality or temperament
An un-neutered dog/cat will go to great lengths to escape when a female is in heat.
Neutering can be done on dogs/cats from 6mths of age.
Your pet will not become overweight once they are spayed/neutered only lack of exercise and over feeding causes this.
It is now the law that every dog must be microchipped.
Microchipping is a quick one off injection which places a tiny microchip under the skin on your dog’s neck. Each microchip carries a unique number which can be red by a portable scanner and will allow vets and authorities to contact you if your pet is lost, stolen or found.
Make sure your pet wears a collar and identity tag at all times. Tags should have recent contact phone numbers on them.
Microchipping costs only €30
With pet insurance you will have peace of mind should your pet become ill and need treatment without the worry of cost.
Different insurance companies have different packages so it is advisable to shop around and see what’s on offer. Third party cover is very important should your pet cause a road accident/property damage where you could be liable.
Health checks are very important; you should bring your pet to the vet at least once a year.
7 out of 10 stray and abandoned animals are put to sleep every year. Dog pounds and animal shelters are full to bursting. If you are thinking of getting a pet why not re-home one from a shelter, give them a second chance.
Irish Animal Law
Certain breeds of dog in Ireland have to be muzzled in public places. These breeds are:
- American Pit Bull
- English Bull Mastiff
- Staffordshire Bull Terrier
- Bull Mastiff
- Doberman pinscher
- Japanese Akita
- Japanese Tosa
- German Shepherd /Alsatian
- Also strains of cross breeds of the above.
These dogs must be on a leash of no more than 2meters in length in public places and not to be walked by a person under the age of 16.
The law states that every dog must wear a collar with name tag.
If your dog poos in public places you have to pick it up.
If you don’t abide by the law you could be fined
Every dog/puppy has to have a dog licence which can be bought from the post office and county council
Your veterinary clinic / hospital / surgery are always happy to help and give you advice
Kildare Vet Hospital 045521507